Sometimes a food is recognized by a patient’s immune system as harmful and a reaction occurs. Common symptoms of food allergy include hives, rash, itching, swelling of the throat, mouth or tongue, abdominal pain, vomiting, coughing, wheezing, or shortness of breath.
Food allergies are often seen in children. The most common food allergies are milk, egg, soy, peanut, tree nut, and wheat.
Anaphylaxis is a serious reaction that requires immediate treatment and can happen in a patient with food allergy. It is important to be tested if a food allergy is suspected. Proper diagnosis is important to ensure the safety of patients who have food allergy.